At the center of the tooth hard tissue, there is a chamber extending to the root apex of the tooth. This room contains blood, vein and nerve packages (pulp).
When the tooth starts to decay, it will reach the inside of the tooth pulp, if it progresses without early recognition, and causes inflammatory changes. Severe pain begins. At much more advanced stages, the event can spread to the jawbone from the root apex, resulting in loss of the tooth.
Before reaching the tooth extraction stage, the tooth and surrounding tissues can be recovered by treating the pulp chamber by removal oh the diseased pulp tissue. Pulp tissue (nerve and vascular package at the center of the tooth) is cleaned painlessly with anesthesia. The canals inside the tooth with inflamed nerves are cleaned, widened and disinfected. During these operations, it is strictly controlled how far is the canal length to the root apex in millimeters by taking x-rays. Then, preparation is performed according to the length of the determined canal length, and the pulp chamber and canals are filled with special fillings, ending in the root apex, and the root canal treatment is completed. The treated tooth maintains in the mouth for many years.