Prostheses are artificial formations that replace the lost teeth for the aesthetic, phonation, function and psychological needs of the person.
Even a missing single tooth can pose a serious danger to other teeth and the lower-upper jaw system. As the missing tooth disturbs aesthetics, other teeth around the space begin to lean over. And the teeth opposite the gap extends into this space. This situation activates chain changes in other teeth and, the jaw joint pains, headaches and muscle pains occur. Therefore, restoring the space of the missing teeth prosthetically without wasting time is very important for the surrounding tissues and the general health of the person.
This method is a technological masterpiece in completing missing teeth. The implant is a screw that is inserted into the bone at the site of the lost tooth and mimics the tooth root. It is placed with a surgical procedure. Healing in 4-6 months is expected. Then, the appropriate prosthesis is placed on the implant. The most ideal solution for patients who have lost all their teeth and cannot use their removable prosthesis is implant.
These are the prosthesis, which cannot be applied or removed by the patient and are fixed by cementation by the dentist. In areas with gaps, these are applied when there are healthy teeth that can support the bridge on both sides of the gap. It is also applied on teeth that have discoloration, deformation, decay or any other excessive material loss.
It is a type of prosthesis that can be applied and removed by the person’s self. Removable prostheses are usually applied when there are no teeth in the mouth or only a few teeth remain.
If tooth extraction is done before the constructions of the removable prosthesis, it is expected this area to heal for a few weeks. In some cases, temporary prostheses can be used for a maximum of six months. Removable prostheses are one of the cheapest methods to compensate for missing teeth.
PROSTHETICS IN AESTHETIC DENTISTRY
Porcelain is the healthiest material closest to the tooth enamel In the past, porcelain could not be used on its own, and restorations were made by processing porcelain on a metal substructure. In this case, the metal infrastructure prevented light transmission and caused a dull appearance in the natural tooth enamel, away from transparency. Metal reinforced porcelains can be preferred because they are more economical despite their disadvantages related to aesthetic appearance. Full porcelain restorations (metal-free porcelain restorations) are very difficult to distinguish from natural teeth due to their light transmission. Successful results can be obtained if the correct material is used in the right place in aesthetic applications without metal support.