WHAT IS THE FIILL?
Formations that cause mostly dark discolorations and substance losses in teeth are called tooth decay. Bacteria plaques, formed by bacteria in the mouth, create acid from the nutrient residues and disrupt the mineral texture of the tooth. As a result, a large cavity is formed that we call tooth decay. When detected, dental caries should be treated with “fillings”without losing time.
COMPOSITE FILLINGS (TEETH COLOR FILLERS)
These are defined as white fillings because they have natural color and an aesthetic appearance. Although it has been used only in the front teeth in previous years, it is applied successfully in back group teeth today since it is now resistant to chewing pressures and wears off less.
Their biggest advantage is their aesthetic appearance. On the other hand, such fillings also support tooth tissues; prevents the fragility and heat permeability of the tooth. Composites are used not only for caries treatment but also for cosmetic purposes for the restoration of fracture sites and in order to change the color and shape of the teeth.
How it’s done?
The composite filling material is placed in small layers in the area to be restored and cured by light step-by-step. With each layer placed, the original shape of the tooth is being created. The process ends in a longer time compared to amalgam fillers. The life of composite fillings varies depending on the person’s oral care. A restoration made according to the rules, if oral care is also very good, can remain as healthy as the first day for many years.
AMALGAM FILLINGS (METAL FILLINGS)
They are also known as silver fillings. It is obtained by mixing silver, tin and copper alloy with mercury. Mercury bonds these metals together to create a durable filling material. Nowadays, because they are at the forefront of aesthetics, and because they are white, composite fillings are preferred more. As a result of the developing technology, composite and porcelain filling materials that are durable, aesthetic and healthy white fillings, caused amalgam fillings which are as old as we can say for centuries, to be used less today.
PORCELAIN FILLINGS (INLAY - ONLAY CERAMIC FILLINGS)
After the cleaning of the caries is completed in the excessively damaged tooth, the existing gap’s impression is taken by three-dimensional scanning with the CAD-CAM system digital impression device. By enlarging the image on the design computer, the restoration margins of the tooth to be restored are designed by drawing very precisely. After the design of the 3D porcelain filling, the porcelain block, which is suitable for our restoration, is installed to the scraper device of the CAD-CAM system. The details of our designed restoration are sent to the scraper and scraping from the porcelain block is started. In about 20 minutes, (while our patient is drinking his coffee in the waiting room) as soon as the process of scraping is finished and the glaze is applied in the porcelain oven, the patient can be taken to the dentist’s chair and the porcelain filling restoration(inlay-onlay) can be placed.
- It is perfectly compatible with the tooth
- Color is fully compatible
- In the long-term, there are no leaks from the filling margins
- It is much more durable
- Sensitivity is less against cold-hot effects